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However, to make our figure yet more conservative we may reduce by nearly one third the number of boys surviving during a five-year period to represent the possible effects of Pharaoh’s unsuccessful edict. Sons Born from 1563 to 1558 47,350 from 1558 to 1553 62,300 from 1553 to 1548 81,800 from 1548 to 1543 103,750 from 1543 to 1538 133,200 from 1538 to 1533 172,250 Total 600,650* * Theoretical male population from the age of 20 to 50 years at time of Exodus (1513 B. E.) It may be noted that even a slight adjustment in the method of computation, for example, increasing by one the number of sons born on the average to each male parent, would send this figure up to over a million.Even making all these allowances, the population would still increase in an accelerated manner, and that with God’s blessing. (that is, 50 years before the Exodus) up to 1533 (or 20 years before the Exodus) would be as follows: INCREASE OF MALE POPULATION B. Besides the 600,000 able-bodied men mentioned in the Bible, there were a great number of older men, an even greater number of women and children, and “a vast mixed company” of non-Israelites.But the actual evidence of first came on the day that Isaac was weaned. It was then that Ishmael “the one born in the manner of flesh began persecuting the one born in the manner of spirit.” (Ga ) Ishmael, who was part Egyptian, in jealousy and hatred, began “poking fun” at Isaac, the young child, this amounting to much more than a mere children’s quarrel. By this latter date their error would come to completion; they would clearly merit complete ejection from the land. For this reason it is impossible to name with confidence the particular Pharaoh of the Exodus, some saying it was Thutmose III, others Amenhotep II, Ramses II, and so forth, but on very shaky foundations in each case. An objection against the Exodus account has been that the Pharaohs of Egypt did not make any record of the Exodus.(Ge 21:9) Other translations describe Ishmael’s action as “mocking.” (ftn) The affliction of Abraham’s seed continued on during Isaac’s life. As the preliminary step toward such ejection, God would turn his attention to his people in Egypt, setting them free from bondage and starting them on the way back to the Promised Land. in the land of Canaan and in the land of Egypt.” All these renderings indicate that the 430-year period covers a longer period of time than the dwelling of the Israelites in Egypt. whereas God has kindly given it to Abraham through a promise.”—Ga -18. However, this is not unusual, for kings of more modern times have recorded only their victories and not their defeats and have often tried to erase anything historical that is contrary to their personal or nationalistic image or to the ideology they are trying to inculcate in their people.While Jehovah blessed Isaac as a grown man, he was nevertheless persecuted by the inhabitants of Canaan and forced to move from place to place because of the difficulties they brought against him. Another line of calculation is provided in the statement at Exodus , 41: “And the dwelling of the sons of Israel, who had dwelt in Egypt, was four hundred and thirty years. The apostle Paul shows that this 430-year period (at Ex ) began at the time of the validation of the Abrahamic covenant and ended with the Exodus. How long was it, then, from the validation of the Abrahamic covenant until the Israelites moved into Egypt? Even in recent times rulers have tried to obliterate the works and reputations of their predecessors.

This would show that the Israelites actually lived in Egypt 215 years (1728-1513 B. Two other chronological statements harmonize with and substantiate this viewpoint. Then there is Paul’s speech to an audience in Antioch of Pisidia recorded at Acts -20 in which he refers to a period of “about four hundred and fifty years.” His discussion of Israelite history begins with the time God “chose our forefathers,” that is, from the time that Isaac was actually born to be the seed of promise (1918 B. Manetho, an Egyptian priest who evidently hated the Jews, wrote in the Greek language about 280 B. While Manetho’s account is in general very unhistorical, the significant fact is that he mentions the Jews as being in Egypt and as going out, and in further writings, according to Josephus, he identifies Moses with Osarsiph, an Egyptian priest, indicating that, even though Egyptian monuments do not record the fact, the Jews was their leader.

The Bible definitely states that Pharaoh’s decree was not very successful.

The Hebrew women Shiphrah and Puah, who likely were the heads of the midwife profession, over the other midwives, did not carry out the king’s order.

They apparently did not instruct the midwives under them as ordered.

The result was: “The people kept growing more numerous and becoming very mighty.” Pharaoh then commanded all his people to throw every newborn Israelite son into the river Nile.

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